Decrees of Peter the Great to Guards Major Andrei Ivanovich Ushakov: New Archival Data
This paper publishes nine documents devoted to the service of Andrei Ivanovich Ushakov (1672–1725), major of the Preobrazhensky Life-Guards Regiment between 1714 and 1721. The Novgorod nobleman started his career as a soldier in the Preobrazhensky Regiment. In 1706, Ushakov already had the rank of a lieutenant and was an adjutant of the tsar. Between the 1700s and early 1710s, Ushakov fulfilled diverse orders of Peter the Great: he delivered weapons, horses, gunpowder, provisions to the army, conducted reconnaissance missions, and reported on the location and movements of the Swedish army. In December 1708, Ushakov was involved in the work of an investigator for the first time. In the early 1710s, orders to control and investigate became Ushakov’s principal among various assignments. At the decision of the tsar, Ushakov became deputy of Pyotr Tolstoy, who was head of the Secret Chancellery established in February 1718 specifically to investigate Tsarevich Alexei’s escape. For his participation in the investigation, Ushakov was properly rewarded by Peter, who granted him the rank of a brigadier and lands confiscated from convicts. Ushakov maintained regular correspondence with the tsar: however, there is no unified collection of documents from Ushakov’s personal archive. For this publication, the authors chose decrees (written both in the sovereign’s own hand and in a clerk’s hand), letters by Tsarevna Ekaterina Alekseevna, and extracts from Senate books reflecting the participation of Ushakov in various events and investigations in the first quarter of the eighteenth century from the corpus of documents kept in the Archive of the St Petersburg Institute of History of the RAS.
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