From the Principality of Moscow to the Russian State: A New Understanding of a Historical Path
Keywords:modern state; the Russian state in the 15th and 16th centuries; early modern period; Russian historiography
This review analyses the structure and content of The Birth of a State. Moscow Rus’ between the 15th and 16th Centuries published by M. M. Krom in 2018, in which the author applies the concept of the modern state to understanding the history of the Russian state in the 15th and 16th-centuries. The review describes the main features of the early modern state singled out by Krom and tries to expand on this list. The reviewer also considers the main arguments which Krom uses to define the Russian state of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries as an early modern one. It is argued that the work partly follows the Russian historiographical tradition of studying the early modern Russian state. The review concludes that the attempt to adapt the concept of the modern state allows the author to synthesise trends formed over the past few decades of study and helps us take a fresh look at the results of research on the early modern period in Russia.
Alekseev, Yu. G. (1998). U kormila Rossiiskogo gosudarstva: Ocherk razvitiya apparata upravleniya XIV–XV vv. [At the Helm of the Russian State. Essay on the Development of the Administrative Apparatus of the 14th–15th Centuries]. St Petersburg, Izdatel’stvo Sankt-Peterburskogo universiteta. 348 p.
Kivelson, V. (2012). Kartografiya tsarstva: zemlya i ee znachenie v Rossii XVII veka [Cartographies of Tsardom: The Land and Its Meaning in 17th-Century Russia]. Moscow, Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie. 360 p.
Krom, M. M. (2018). Rozhdenie gosudarstva. Moskovskaya Rus’ XV–XVI vv. [The Birth of a State. Moscow Rus’ of the 15th–16th Centuries]. Moscow, Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie. 256 p.
Pashkova, T. I. (2000). Mestnoe upravlenie v Russkom gosudarstve pervoi poloviny XVI veka: Namestniki i volosteli [Local Government in the Russian State in the First Half of the 16th Century. Governors and Rulers]. Moscow, Drevlekhranilishche. 215 p.
Petrov, K.V. (2005). Prikaznaya sistema upravleniya v kontse XV – XVII vv. [System of Prikazes in the Late 15th – 17th Centuries]. Moscow, St Petersburg, Al’yans-Arkheo. 144 p.
Sinitsyna, N. V. (1998). Tretii Rim: Istoki i evolyutsiya russkoi srednevekovoi kontseptsii (XV–XVI vv.) [Third Rome. The Origins and Evolution of the Russian Mediaeval Concept (15th–16th Centuries)]. Moscow, Indrik. 416 p.