The Perception of the Russian Revolution of 1917 in the Swiss Press: Main Notes
An important area of confrontation between liberal thought and nationalistic aspirations during World War I was propaganda. Switzerland is especially interesting in these terms due to its multiculturalism, the social split in political preferences between the combatant states, and the high percentage of foreigners. Therefore, the press of this neutral state became a platform for fierce war propaganda. In 1917, one of the most important issues discussed in Swiss newspapers was the Russian Revolution. The Swiss press devoted much attention to this subject. In Switzerland, the public hardly understood the difference between the February Revolution and the October Uprising, but was affected by the fall of tsarism, though the knowledge of the actual events in Russia was scarce. The Swiss perceived the October Revolution as a continuation of the March events and not as another coup d’état which completely transformed the political and social conditions in the enormous country to the east. The Swiss press serves as an example of liberal Russian propaganda in a neutral state. What is particularly noteworthy is how the issue of the Russian Revolution of 1917 was reflected in Swiss public opinion. Among other things, the author of the article aims to find out how rapidly the opinions of Swiss journals were spread among the public and started to influence its view of the Bolshevik regime.
Cusinay, D., Hauser, T., Schwank, M. (1994). Deutsche Sozialdemokraten in der Schweiz nach dem Erlass des Sozialistengesetzes (1878–1890) [German Social Democrats in Switzerland after the Adoption of the Socialist Law (1878–1890)]. In Zuflucht Schweiz. Der Umgang mit Asylproblemen im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert / Ed. Goehrke C., Zimmermann W. G. Zürich, Verlag Hans Rohr, pp. 121–172.
Degen, B. (1986). Das Basel der andern. Geschichte der Basler Gewerkschaftsbewegung [The Basel of the Others. History of the Basel Trade Union Movement]. Basel, Z-Verlag. 199 p.
Der Bund. 06.01.1918; 10.08.1918; 11.08.1918, Extrablatt; 22.08.1918, erste Ausgabe.
Gagliardi, E. (1937). Geschichte der Schweiz von der Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart [History of Switzerland from the Beginning to the Present]. T. 3. Zürich, Leipzig, Orell Füssli Verlag. 211 p.
Journal de Genève. 07.11.1917.
Nabholz, H., Muralt, N. V., Feller, R., Bonjour, E. (1938). Geschichte der Schweiz [History of Switzerland]. T. 2. Zürich, Schulthess. 691 p.
Tanner, J. (2015). Geschichte der Schweiz im 20 Jahrhundert [History of Switzerland in the 20th Century]. Berlin, C. H. Beck Verlag. 676 p.
Tribune de Genève. 12.04.1917. Wojtowicz, J. (1989). Historia Szwajcarii [History of Switzerland]. Wrocław, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich. 309 p.