Trade Space in Krasnoyarsk in the Second Half of the 19th and Early 20th Centuries: Dialogue between the Authorities and Traders
The author shows the ways in which urban trade space formed in Krasnoyarsk in the second half of the nineteenth century as a result of interaction between the authorities and traders. The local authorities excluded specific areas from the trade sector and created special trade places, markets. This policy was based on the tendency of the local authorities to create conditions where they could supervise trade in the interests of citizens. Traders, in turn, wanted uncontrolled ownership of their space and to autonomously exploit it in order to ensure the greatest amount of profit. Traders’ actions included flexible tactics of manoeuvre in their attempts to transform or circumvent the law. The authorities’ strategy was based on the interests of different population groups; therefore, they created laws that could be circumvented. The author emphasises the special role of peasantry; although they did not live in the city, they had their own ways of influencing the authorities, which local traders could not use. The author uses the approaches to the study of space developed by M. Foucault and M. de Certeau. She concludes that the authorities’ strategies reflected the interests of different population groups (including traders), which meant they were not always consistent and effective. The analysis of interaction between the authorities and traders through the prism of their struggle for trade space reveals new approaches to communication in everyday situations.