Sennar’s gold: Egypt and Sudan through the eyes of a 19th century Ural gold miner
Aleksey Antoshin, professor of history at Ural Federal University, has published a new book, The Gold of Sennar. The work is based on the diary of Ivan Trofimovich Borodin, a Miass foreman gold miner, which is available at the State Archive of Sverdlovsk Region. Borodin participated in Ye. P. Kovalevsky’s expedition to Eastern Sudan with the intent to discover gold deposits and to manage the mining process in 1847–1848. The expedition was organized by the Russian government at the request of Muhammad Ali of Egypt, who sought additional financial support to modernize the country. In his talk with YevgenyRukosuev, a leading research associate of the Institute of History and Archaeology (Russian Academy of Sciences, Ural branch), and Sergey Smirnov, associate professor of the Chair of Early Modern Period and Contemporary History of Ural Federal University, Aleksey Antoshin discusses a number of aspects of the expedition, as reflected in I. T. Borodin’s diary. The new publication is of significant interest to the reader as the diary illustrates the book’s view that he was a man of the people, and the events described are supplemented with the memoirs of E. P. Kovalevsky and other travelers that visited Egypt and Sudan between the 1830s–1850s (N. N. Muravyov-Karsky, A. A. Rafalovich, A. Norov, A. E. Brem).
Kovalevskij, E . P. (1843–1845). Stranstvovatel′ po sushe i moryam [Wanderer by land and sea] (in 3 parts). St. Petresburg: Tipografiya I. P. Bocharova.
Kovalevskij, E. P. (1849). Nil′skij bessejn v geologicheskom otnoshenii [The Nile basin in geologic reference]. Gornyj zhurnal [Mountain magazine], 2, 4, 63–100.
Kovalevskij, E. P. (1872). Sobranie sochinenij Egora Petrovicha Kovalevskogo. T. 5. Puteshestvie vo vnutrenyuyu Afriku (skartoyu i 17 risunkami) [Complete works by Egor Petrovich Kovalevsky. Vol . 5. A travel into inner Africa (with a map and 17 pictures)]. St. Petersburg: Tipografiya I. I. Glazunova.
Kozlov, A. (1955, September 30). Poezdka gornogo mastera I. Borodina v Egipet [A trip of overman I. Borodin to Egypt]. Ural′skij rabochij.
Marks, K. (n. d.). Denezhnyj krizis v Evrope . Iz istorii denezhnogo obrashheniya [Monatary crisis in Europe. Glimpses of history of currency]. In K. Marks. Sobr. soch. [Complete works by K . Marks]. (2nd ed.). (Vol. 12).
Otchet Russkogo Geograficheskogo obshhestva za 1849 god [Report of Russian geographic society for 1849 yr.]. (1851). In Zapiski Imperatorskogo Pusskogo Geographicheskogo obshhestva [Notes of the Imperial Russian geographical society]. Book 5 . St . Petersburg.
Rafalovich, A. A. (1850). E′tnograficheskie zametki o zhitelyah Nizhnej Nubii [Ethnographic notes on inhabitants of Lower Nubia]. In Zapiski Imperatorskogo Pusskogo Geographicheskogo obshhestva [Notes of the Imperial Russian geographical society]. Book 4. St. Petersburg.